Chapter 1. Standards for People's Rights and Obligations

Article 1. Permanent Peace – the Foundation for Free Nations


Who has kidnapped our freedom and dignity? Who is suppressing our national sovereignty? Who is spending a lot of money on manipulating elections? Who is looting the national treasury and colluding with foreign powers? Who is blocking our international relations and development space? Who is the enemy of our permanent peace and development? The answer is not ‘other people’ — it is our "own" party government supported by the hard-earned money of our taxpayers. This is not just a simple story from the past, it is happening now.


The Charter for Permanent Peace, the Constitution of the Great World (China), the World Standard (India), and the 228 Charter (abbreviation) are Freedom of Justice standards mainly intended to address the basic principles of a permanent peace constitution and the general principles of universal law. With regard to the development, innovation and preservation of freedom, these basic constitutional provisions, safeguard clauses, restraint clauses and entrusted clauses are laid out, and universal constitutional standards (minimum standards) are constructed to serve as an ideal for the human destiny community in [Taiwan]. They will take root, and then show the way for a global a peace system to liberate the more than two-thirds of the world's people living under dictatorships, and eliminate 106 dictatorships or semi-dictatorships (Freedom House 2015 survey). In doing so, [Taiwan] and the global oppressors have nothing to lose but their chains and walls, violence and lies, and other citizens will lose nothing, instead obtaining the unfinished dreams of freedom held by the United Nations.

Section 1. Permanent Peace Standards 1.1 (Building a nation under Freedom [1] Standards)

1. Free Country. [Taiwan] has become a larger freedom [2] of Mecca for innovation in politics, economy, society, culture, peace and development. Everyone serves as an angel of peace that is free and alive. This is the country's principle of permanent establishment. (See the Preface for details)

2. Free Diplomacy. The state shall use universal freedom as a prerequisite for handling all international relations.

3. Freedom of the Constitution. We recognize that the true purpose of the state is freedom [3] ; further, the state is the means and freedom is the purpose. Demonstrating the larger freedoms [4] of UN global operations is a basic obligation of the state.

4. Benefits for Everyone. The unaccompanied freedom of unity is a basic principle that runs through all the provisions of this Permanent Peace Constitution. (See Preface 8.2)

5. The state shall not formulate or issue laws or orders on the following matters: establishing religion or prohibiting freedom of religious beliefs; restricting or depriving people of their freedoms of speech and publishing; and depriving people of the right to peaceful assembly and petitioning the government.

Section 2. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.2 (Ensuring that freedoms shall not lag behind those in other countries by one day)

1. Human dignity, freedom and sovereignty are rights that are never to be transferred, or violated, and the respect and protection of this dignity, freedom and sovereignty are the obligation of all state organs.

2. Recognition of the principles proclaimed by the UN Charter regarding the inherent dignity and worth of all members of the human family, and the right to equality and inalienability are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

3. The state has a duty to ensure human dignity and freedom that surpass other nations which is the basic obligation of all state organs. Even if it cannot be done immediately, it must be sought through sunrise clauses until it can be realized.

4. All international laws guaranteeing freedom shall constitute part of domestic law. They shall take precedence over domestic law (except for the Constitution) with direct bearing on the rights and obligations of the [Taiwanese] people.

5. All laws and laws that are conducive to protect freedom shall constitute a part of the Constitution and laws of the nation, hence, the people will be able to choose the laws that will be substantively invoked. The state shall not be excluded from due process of law.

Section 3. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.3 (Frequency of voting defines the value of the people)

1. Voting is the right to act on the sovereignty of the people; it is the only legitimate source of all power of the state; it is the maximization of education for all; it is the most reasonable distribution of power and the allocation of resources; it is the starting point and the end point of the people's command of the government; it is all peace, the broad basis of freedom and justice.

2. Voting will keep life from losing value and from fear; basic elements of harmonious coexistence among people, people and the state, people and the environment, and people and all human beings shall be practiced.

3. Frequency of voting and its procedural justice determine the levels of human dignity, freedom [5] and value [6] . Elections shall be held twice a year (see § 1.3.3), while referendums may not exceed once a month. Uncertainty over whether or not to hold a reelection or a second round of voting (see § 6.3.2) shall not count in the number of times in this area. The best choice is a weekend or students’ winter and summer vacations.

4. All procedures for voting shall be fair and just. Anyone who uses money, media or other resources that cannot be used fairly by other candidates shall be immediately punished and order him to cease his election, even if he is elected. The primaries in the party should be handled in the same way.

5. Voting is an effective tool for profit-making and elimination of corruption. Citizens continue to vote, constantly guaranteeing human dignity, freedom [7] and prosperity.

6. Vote to overcome differences. Integrate different value judgments (including irreconcilable reconciliation, contradictory combination, and opposing integration) to formulate policies and laws acceptable to the universal society.

Section 4. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.4 (Voting is the starting point and the origin of decentralization)

1. Sovereignty is held in hands of people. The people indirectly exercise the power of state control through elections, recalls, examinations, and public service. They directly exercise the state's ruling power through civic creation, reconsideration, and self-determination. (According to §1.2, §1.4, §4.7)

2. Freedom relies on decentralization to ensure that voting will be the starting point for national decentralization. National sovereignty belongs solely and unconditionally to all taxpayers. The people shall cede a part of their sovereignty to the elected department heads and representatives of public opinion each year.

3. The value [8] of dignity and freedom is determined in front of the ballot box. The heads of the administrative, procuratorial and judicial branches shall be elected in alternating years, while 1/4 of all legislators and committee members will face election each year to fully reflect public sentiment and ensure peace, stability and development.

4. The voting budget is intended to raise national dignity and value, and safeguard the people's sovereignty and national security; the central and local governments shall reserve not less than 0.5% of the total budget, and shall directly allocate funds to the “Super National Human Rights Action and Citizenship Exercise Committee” (abbreviation: Human Rights Committee) (§3.5).

5. The State shall establish a corruption-related foundation and incorporate all corruption proceeds into this fund. The funds shall be used in exercising citizenship rights, including elections and referendums, and the annual balance shall be returned.

Section 5. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.5 (the right to vote freely, obligation to vote)

1. In [Taiwan], there is no right without obligation, and there is no obligation [9] without rights. Voting is the most sacred right of the state's leaders and their most basic obligation [10] .

2. All who have reached the age of 18 must vote.

3. The following citizens may decide for themselves whether to vote:

(a) The illiterate

(b) Those 70 years old or older;

(c) Those older than 16 and under the age of 18 [11] ;

(d) Persons with physical and mental disabilities;

(e) Those residing in mountainous and remote areas, sparsely populated areas, and where there is no supporting infrastructure for election agencies;

(f) Those working outside the country, abroad, or overseas, where there is no supporting infrastructure for election agencies;

(g) Foreign nationals who have settled in the country and are citizens of a completely liberal democratic country.

(h) Those willing to serve as military soldiers who are beyond the regional and partisan, nationalized and globalized military officers.

4. The following citizens are not allowed to vote:

(a) Those who have been deprived of citizenship;

(b) Those holding multiple citizenship in incompletely liberal democracies;

(c). Those who work in an authoritarian state and are unable to return to the country to vote;

(d) Active military personnel doing compulsory military service [12] ;

(e) The current president. When the number of votes is the same, however, the president has the right to vote.

5. The following elections and referendums shall involve compulsory voting [13] (with § 1.7 self-determination):

(a) The election of representatives of public opinion. Elections for members of parliament and local councilors;

(b) Referendums at the super-national level (including global and regional), regarding:

(1) changes in national territory;

(2) confirmation of sovereignty or transfer of sovereignty to international organizations [14] ;

(3) the right to self-determination guaranteed by world human rights standards;

(4) withdrawal referendums on universality, generality, and mandatory international arbitration agreements for world peace, settlement of international disputes;

(5) referendums announced by the President in accordance with the law;

(c) Referendums proposed by a minority party (minimum of 1/4 of seats) or a party group against the majority party.

6. The preceding paragraphs do not specify that it is necessary to compel voting by law. If you do not enact compulsory voting in elections or referendums, a system of Voter Registration [15] should be adopted.

7. National elections shall follow domestic and non-domestic voting systems. Voters who register within the prescribed time limit may vote in any voting place in the country according to their own decision.

8. Where election or voting matters are concerned, all or parts of the model may be transferred in accordance with the paradigm shift (§1.8) or universal law (§4.4).

9. The people have an obligation to perform military service [16] ; vote in elections; perform democratic service; serve society and the world; and vote, pay taxes, and promote freedom, democracy, and human rights globally.

Section 6. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.6 (Easy campaigning and free communications channels)

1. Elections shall be free of charge for candidates so the poor can rise up, class mobility will be possible, society will be stable and justice will be realized.

2. Radio waves are publicly financed by the people. Electronic media, including but not limited to radio, television, e-newsletters, the Internet, etc., are obligated throughout the year to provide free and sufficient time for all elections, recalls and referendums, allowing public participation as required for citizens.

3. The Human Rights Commission has the right to distribute electronic media to the top ten political parties for free, including national radio stations and Internet channels, as well as to share TV public interest time. Political parties with members holding seats in the legislature shall be given priority and reasonable distribution. Cable and wireless TV will be provided to the politicians for a minimum of 60 minutes of prime time per week. Local elections or referendums, local media, radio stations, television stations, etc., shall be handled in the same way.

4. Root money out of elections. Regardless of whether domestic or overseas, money or any tangible and intangible resources are totally prohibited from intervening, distorting or influencing fair elections. Violators will have all self-organized election activities and ballot subsidies cancelled. Media, consortia, organizations or individuals are all prohibited from directly or indirectly affecting fair and just elections with financial, material, or any influence. Including loans, fake democracy, collection, biased or placed advertising, etc., with violators subject to criminal law sanctions.

5. Political contributions in elections are absolutely forbidden. If contributions exceed legal limits, both criminal laws and bribery charges will be brought against violators, with no statute of limitations. Regardless who offered or who received the bribe, the first person to report the incident shall be exempted from prosecution and may be eligible to collect half of the amount of the bribe. Anyone found accepting a bribe must surrender the full amount to the state treasury, and the informant may be eligible to collect half of the surrendered amount.

6. Public recommendation - public responsibility. Any elected public official recommended or promoted by any organization, religion, group or individual shall be held liable and return all properties received and further face charges of greed and corruption. When sentencing is held, all persons shall be jointly and severally liable, and any person involved shall have no prior right of defense.

7. Candidates nominated by political parties or political groups, or the public officials they have nominated who are involved in corruption, together with their nominators, shall all be jointly and severally liable.

8. Election registration shall be completed at least six months before the election. During this period, voters have the right to ask questions on public issues [17] , and candidates are obliged to answer. Candidates shall have sufficient time to explain their policies and allow voters to have sufficient time to consider their talents and abilities. Dialogue on public issues is regarded as part of the constitutional examination candidates by the holders of sovereignty (the voters). The answer is “the constitutional contract for serving humanity”. The content of creative works shall be protected by intellectual property rights, and recipients must indicate the source. The candidate has the right to decide the number of people to be questioned by the questioner.

9. After completing registration as a public entity, nations with operational security shall be fully responsible; expenses for activities shall be reported to the election commission and 3/4 or all candidates must be capable of affording the same activities before they can be used.

10. Ensuring political integrity. If a publicly elected official has served less than 3/4 of the term of office, he/she may not participate in elections for other public positions. With the exception of factors beyond human control, they may not abandon their duties without authorization. Violators shall return any public funds they have received and face punishment for breach of contract.

11. Voters have the right to look forward to elections. One year after a public official is elected, the electorate may petition to appeal with support from a certain number of people (§3.4.10). Those who are charged must honor popular opinion and/or the oath of office. When manpower is insufficient, voters may file suit in higher courts, with proceeding to be concluded within six months at the latest.

12. Proposals for who, when, where or what is required must be accompanied by financial sources. In any case involving vote buying, the election officials or relevant authority has the right to appeal to the state where the violation occurred.

13. Promoting the best governance and policy, it does not matter which country, which nationality, where or when. The policy should violate the constitution that causes injury unless people at an inferior position receive reasonable compensation.

14. The rules for the execution of voting procedures and communication channels shall be determined by law.

Section 7. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.7 (People's Self-determination)

1. All state sovereignty belongs to the people unconditionally, and referendums on self-determination all unconditionally belong to citizens. Anyone who refuses to vote in a people's referendum must first vote for it. If more than 1/2 of all citizens vote against a proposal, it must be banned.

2. The right of people to self-determination is a basic requirement for human rights standards and is not limited by national borders [18] . The people have the right to vote for self-determination at the national level, the national level, the sub-national level, and the micro-national level. [See Annex Table 11: Swiss Constitution [Creative Reconsideration]]

(a) A referendum at the super-national level, except as provided for in this Law, applies to:

(1) change of national territory;

(2) confirmation of sovereignty;

(3) constitutional or constitutional amendment;

(4) other relevant international rights of self-determination. It must be approved in a referendum by more than 1/2 of all citizens.

(b) The right to self-determination at the national level to:

(1) freely determine the political status of residents and seek economic, social and cultural development of all residents;

(2) implement legislative principles;

(3) reinvigorate the legislature

(4) create, review and consult on national policies; and

(5) other national disputes.

(c) Subnational level of referendum self-determination applies to:

(1) the creation or reconsideration of the legislative principles of the first-level (state, province, city) local organization and autonomy;

(2) creation of major policies on local self-government matters, reconsideration and consultation;

(3) other local disputes.

(d) The right to self-determination through referendums at the micro-national level applies to:

(1) creation or reconsideration of the legislative principles of the second-level and/or third-level (county, city, district or township, town, city) local organization and autonomy;

(2) creation and reconsideration of major policies on local self-government matters;

(3) local disputes at other levels [19] .

(e) How many citizens are required to participate and pass the above 2 to 4 orders shall be prescribed by law.

3. Creating the right to self-determination is the pre-emptive right of natural human rights; that is, procedural law of the constitution or super-constitution. Laws or orders that prohibit or obstruct the people from exercising their right to self-determination are invalid ab initio.

4. Any law or state sovereignty concerning the rights and obligations of the people shall be subjected to a referendum.

5. Administrative and legislative organs shall not interfere with the exercise of citizens' rights regarding elections, recalls, creations, reconsiderations, self-determination, etc., except in cases of constitutional or constitutional amendments [20] . Implementation procedures are handled by the “Super National Human Rights Action and Citizenship Exercise Committee” (§3.5).

6. The legislature is obliged to implement referendums passed by the people as specific laws.

7. Administrative organs are obliged to implement referendum cases passed by the people as specific policies and implement them.

Section 8. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.8 (Institutional Choice, Nationality Choice [21] )

1. The spirit of freedom is in the right of choice - the right to choose the system, the right to transfer [22] :

(a) Choose a lifestyle [23] : Let the people go to the polls rather than fighting in the streets (cf. § 1.1).

(b) Choose a referendum system: take the Swiss referendum [24] as a model (§1.4).

(c) Choose a legislative system: reforming and innovating based on the cabinet system and the committee system [25] (see § 5).

(d) Choose an administrative system: reform and innovate based on the semi-presidential system and the California model (see § 6).

(e) Choose a procuratorial system: a model of 43 state procurators general of the US [26] (according to § 7).

(f) Choose a judicial system: reform and innovate based on the 50 states of the US (see § 8).

(g) Choose a ombudsman system [27] : reform and innovation based on monitoring in the Nordic countries (According to § 7)

(h) Choose a voting system: Australia offers a mandatory voting model [28] and network connections.

2. The right to freedom of nationality and the right to renounce one’s nationality:

(a) Everyone has the right to choose a foreign nationality and give up citizenship.

(b) [Taiwan] recognizes multiple nationalities, but they must be those of completely free and democratic nations.

(c) People born in Taiwan naturally acquire nationality; children of foreigners who have lived in Taiwan for more than one year before giving birth shall acquire natural nationality.

3. The choice of any system or nationality shall not violate the system of a set of permanent peace and sustainable development of mankind and the civilized process of freedom, democracy, human rights and rule of law.

4. System selection and nationality implementation rules shall be prescribed by law.

Section 9. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.9 (Freedom and Equality)

1. The freedom of all persons shall be guaranteed. In addition to arrest procedures of a current offense, which are determined by law, the detainee shall not be arrested without action by judicial or police organs in accordance with the law; courts shall not arbitrate except according to the law, and may not interrogate the suspect [29] . Those who are arrested or detained have the right to resist interrogation and punishment. Regardless of whether a current offense was committed, in cases where an individual was arrested and detained for a suspected crime, the agency involved shall notify the person and his/her designated relatives and friends of the reasons for the detention and transfer the detainee to court within 24 hours. After questioning, the subject or others may also call on the court to appeal to the arresting authority within 24 hours.

The court shall not refuse to allow pre-opening statements, and may not arrest the detainee beforehand. The agency that arrested the detainee shall not obstruct or delay the trial. When people are illegally arrested and detained by any organ, they or others may appeal to the court and the court cannot refuse the suit. It shall carry out investigations of the arrest within 24 hours from time of arrest and detention [30] .

2. The people have freedom of speech, lectures, writings and publications; freedom of private communication and confidentiality; freedom of thought and belief; freedom of assembly and association; freedom of residence and migration; freedom to file petitions; freedom from fear and freedom from want; freedom from being traced; freedom from forced disappearance; citizens must enjoy all freedoms found in other nations. Freedoms and human rights that are not prescribed or exemplified in this Constitution are not guaranteed [31] .

3. Any victim who has been subjected to enforced disappearance due to political participation or any legal activities, regardless of where the perpetrator is from, shall be the responsibility of all political, criminal, civil and administrative officials from the president to local heads as relevant constitutional guarantors (corresponding to § 3.6). Involved parties may also request state compensation.

4. Where any person is involved in political or all legal activities and is subject to improper harassment such as auditing, tax inspection, etc., the victim has the right to pursue the political and legal responsibilities of the perpetrator and has the right to urgently request the court to declare that it is not subject to harassment, or Appeal to the civil servant (§7.2.3) for immediate protection and prosecution.

5. All freedoms and rights of the people, or freedoms and rights guaranteed by the free and democratic countries, and all who do not hinder social order and the public interest are guaranteed.

6. All rights and liberties shall not be restricted by law except to prevent obstruction of the freedom of others, to avoid emergencies and maintain social order, or to promote the public interest.

7. Co-construct a world of permanent peace and human destiny in the world. Any law [32] that limits or deprives the dignity or freedom of the people for a more liberal and civilized nation is presumed to be unconstitutional and invalid ab initio.

Section 10. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.10 (Freedom and Liability)

1. The constitutional order of freedom and democracy is inviolable [33] . No one can take advantage of such freedom to destroy freedom [34] , nor are state organs allowed to infringe for any reason or in any way.

2. People have no choice but to be slaves [35] or to choose autocracy under a despotic system. Any action or propaganda that suppresses the freedom and democracy of the people in favor of an autocratic dictatorship is presumed to be unconstitutional and illegal.

3. Freedom is based on the principle of non-obstruction and banning of monopoly, oligopoly or joint monopoly of free development of other persons. Any speech or activity against humanity, civilization, freedom or democratic rights shall not be protected by the rights of freedom of speech and activity (see § 3.8).

4. Freedom of speech does not apply to: 1. war propaganda; 2. propaganda for the enemy; 3. agitation of violence; 4. dissemination, incitement or advocacy based on race, gender, creed or religious hatred [36] .

5. Any abuse of freedom of speech, especially freedom of the press, freedom of teaching, freedom of assembly [37] , freedom of association, correspondence, e-mail and telecommunications privacy, property rights, or asylum rights, contravenes basic constitutional order to attack human freedom, democracy, human rights and good governance. Perpetrators of such acts shall be sanctioned by law [38] , deprived of their basic rights and stripped of their public rights. If the violator is an organization, a group, etc., all of its communications channels will be blocked and the organization will be disbanded. Dissolution of the party organization and its scope shall be announced by the Constitutional Court (§2.4).

6. In enjoying freedom and democracy, loyalty and obligations to taxpayers shall not be waived. Anyone who violates international criminal responsibility, supports terrorists, comforts the enemy, and seeks to destroy liberal democracy and the rights of freedom and democracy shall be sanctioned by law; those who have overseas nationality shall have their nationality revoked and be deported.

7. Autocracy is always the enemy of human peace. Anyone who enjoys and uses liberal democracy to promote authoritarian dictators is robbing the public of its power; any such person who occupies a public position shall be dismissed; and any such person who opts to retire shall lose all benefits and return any compensation.

8. Freedom and obligations. The earth is our homeland, and human beings are our family. As long as there one person on earth still living under an oppressive authoritarian dictatorship, [Taiwanese] people as the guardians of freedom (§1.1) shall follow the orders of heaven and act to liberate anyone who is not free.

9. The duty of public officials. Freedom is the foundation of permanent peace and sustainable development. All public officials shall adhere to the mission of saving anyone who is not free, representing the nation to save the world, and adhering to a community for human destiny.

Section11. Standards of Permanent Peace 1.11 (Free Education)

1. All people shall have an equal opportunity to receive education regardless of gender, age, ability, region, ethnic group, religious belief, political philosophy, socioeconomic status or other conditions.

2. The purpose of education is to encourage people to increase their wisdom, enhance their vision, discover new truths and honor their values [39] .

3. The core meaning of the existence of the state entails maintaining a commitment to let the people live in freedom.

4. To ensure a world of human freedom, free education must be compulsory and cover:

(a) Basic human rights;

(b) Liberalism;

(c) Political freedom;

(d) Civil liberties;

(e) Personal freedom;

(f) Freedom of entry and exit;

(g) Freedom of assembly;

(h) Freedom of association;

(i) Freedom of speech;

(j) Freedom of belief;

(k) Freedom of academics;

(l). Freedom of the press;

(m) Freedom of privacy;

(n) Freedom of information;

(o) Freedom of connection;

(p) Freedom of love;

(q) Freedom of trade;

(r) Economic freedom;

(s) Freedom from fear;

(t) Freedom from want;

(u) Freedom from enforced disappearance;

(v) Freedom from being tracked;

(w) Freedom from being photographed;

(x) Right to be forgotten (including official records);

5. The constitution shall directly transfer all paradigm shifts as needed (§1.8), and textbooks and educational materials from the free world can be directly incorporated in our textbooks.

Section 12. Standards for Permanent Peace 1.12 (Free Culture)

1. Implement a free culture of constitutional standards through unification of laws and the implementation of freedom and equality.

2. Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of society and share scientific progress and peace interests.

3. Everyone has an obligation to society; full development of every individual's personality is the total source of kinetic energy for social development.

4. Every person shall exercise his or her rights and freedoms subject to restrictions imposed by law; and the sole purpose of such restrictions shall be to recognize and respect the rights and freedoms of others and to seek ethics, public order and general welfare in a democratic society under fair conditions [40] .

5. Exercise of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Constitution shall not under any circumstances violate the principles and principles of permanent peace and the UN.

6. Buildings housing relevant state organs shall be designed with a global outlook to symbolize “universal freedom”.

[1] 2018 World Press Freedom Index ”, Among the 180 countries, Taiwan ranks 42nd and China's 5th last place.

[2] In Larger Freedom Report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for decision by Heads of State and Government in September 2005

[3] The philosopher Spinoza once said, “The ultimate goal of a state is not to govern people by binding them with terror so that they yield to the will of others.

[4] In 2005, Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented a five-year progress report ( In larger freedom: towards development, security and human rights for all ) on the implementation of the Millennium Declaration of 2000 that had been requested of him by the UN General Assembly. The report was divided into four main sections. The second part of the report, “Freedom from Fear”, asked all states to agree on a new security consensus, and asked Member States to agree to establish a Peacebuilding Commission. In particular, Taiwan has been a democratic regime for more than 70 years, yet the Chinese Communist Party is still compelling Taiwan to live under the fear for grand massacre.

[5] Hamilton: “Freedom is the only fortress against abuse of power.”

[6] Thucydides wrote: “The secret of happiness is freedom, and the secret of freedom is courage”. Winston Churchill stated, "Courage is rightly esteemed the first of human qualities because it is the quality that guarantees all others."

[7] Freedom is a core concept of the US Constitution. (First Amendment to the United States Constitution ), while in Europe the focus is on dignity ( Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , §1)

[8] Freedom is like the air we breathe: a little less can be suffocating. Freedom begins with "me" and is limited by "me". This is the true meaning of freedom! The key word in constitutional government is freedom, and the key word in democracy is equality.

[9] Immanuel Kant noted that people are the purpose, not the means. Therefore, everyone must treat others as human beings. Immanuel Kant, Kritik Der Reinen Vernunft (1. Aufl. 1781) Prolegomena: Grundlegung Zur Metaphysik Der Sitten: Metaphysische Anfangsgr. (North Carolina: Baker & Taylor Books, 1978.)

[10] “The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but those who watch them without doing anything”- Albert Einstein (1879-1955).

[11] The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil , §14. Voter registration and voting are: I. compulsory for persons over eighteen years of age; II. Optional for: a. the illiterate; b. those over seventy years of age; c. those sixteen to eighteen years old.

[12] The time for mandatory military service is not long. In Taiwan, it is currently four months. At present, the frequency of voting in Taiwan is once every two years. There is no harm to those doing mandatory military service, but it has the symbolic significance of the nationalization of the military.

[13] The time for mandatory military service is not long. In Taiwan, it is currently four months. At present, the frequency of voting in Taiwan is once every two years. There is no harm to those doing mandatory military service, but it has the symbolic significance of the nationalization of the military.

[14] Voting duty is the price of freedom. Why should voting be compulsory? (1) Voting is an obligation, like paying taxes and receiving education; (2) The public can learn about political participation; (3) Public opinion will be reflected more accurately; (4) It will force the governance consider all public opinions; (5) The candidates can concentrate on policy debates instead of just the pull; (6) It is not actually mandatory since it is a secret vote. Voters can still have the option of "no vote"; (7) Candidates do not need to issue bribery elections; (8) Resource allocation and utilization will be improved; (9) Elections will no longer become the game for rich people, and the influence of money will be offset; (10) It can prevent corruption; (11) It will break the monopoly of big parties; (12) The abduction of ideology will be weakened. With everyone voting, the political destiny of this country will completely change; (13) The only condition for the prevalence of evil is the silence of the good. The silence of any one will produce the next victim.

[15] Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , §24. Transfer of sovereign powers – With a view to maintaining peace, the Federation may enter into a system of mutual collective security; in doing so it shall consent to such limitations upon its sovereign powers as will bring about and secure a lasting peace in Europe and among the nations of the world.

[16] For the national voting registration system, See Appendix chart 8: Voter registration system in all countries of the world.

[17] History has repeatedly proved that the maximum amount of legal elections is a big scam. The maximum amount of statutory political contributions is also a big scam. The large amount of political contributions in cash are carried in the hidden places where no one knows about and transferred secretly, from thousands. 10,000 to several billion yuan. All reports turned out invalid since it is impossible to cut them red-handed.

[18] If voters do not request the political views of the candidates, the candidates do not feel the need to raise them. The ability candidates might be unknown. The media as the public instrument certainly does not or cannot propose far-sighted programs, so it becomes the wizards the astrology of guessing the results of the elections. Sometimes it even makes up news out of nowhere based on its own opinion despite the facts.

[19] The rights and obligations of all are covered under the procedural laws of "absolute law." The trend in international law in the near future is to assume that if an aggressor country engages in aggression, genocide, or violates the basic rights of human beings, this will be seen as infringing upon the interests of all international communities, not just a single country. In such case, every country in the world can file a lawsuit against the offending country for compensation. Chiu Hung-Ta, Modern International Law , Taipei: Sanmin, 2010, p.70.

[20] See Appendix Table 12: Binding referendum on demand and Turnout threshold to be binding.

[21] The constitution governed by the rulers is always in the human welfare of the tying of private interests regardless of permanent peace and sustainable development, and completely regaining power to the people. No institution may propose a constitutional amendment. The right to enact and amend the Constitution stipulated in §5 of the Ukrainian Constitution belongs only to the people, and the state and its organs – no civil servants is allowed to interfere.

[22] As Jean-Paul Sartre once said, “Man is condemned to be free” Our past choices have resulted in today's results, and our future stems from today's and tomorrow's choices.

[23] See the Academia Institute of Sociology's publication, Unfinished Miracle: Taiwan's Economy and Society in Transition , the "model" meaning of the paradigm, the connection and operation of the internal elements of the model, and the identification of the miracle model. The judgment of the "recession model" and the "model transfer" mechanism.

[24] See Appendix Chart 2: US federal congressmen, number of state congressmen, term of office statistics, Appendix Chart 3: US state senators, state senators, and tenure statistics.

[25] Switzerland voting: With a population of more than 8 million, the per capita income is always the highest in the world: the number of votes is proportional to the strength of the national strength and the well-being of the people. See the note in the chapter. Appendix Table 3: US Senate, State Senator, Term of Office Statistics, Appendix Table 4: 1990-2015 Swiss Federal National Referendum Statistics, Appendix Table 5: Swiss-level local referendum statistics from 1990-2015, Appendix Table 6: Statistics on national elections in the Swiss Confederation, Appendix Table 7: Statistics on voting at the Swiss level.

[26] Permanent peace requires a set of global laws that form part of domestic law (see §4.2~4.3).

[27] See the US 50 State Attorney General and the Prosecutor's Choice. In accordance with the provisions of the Chinese Constitution, the Supreme People's Procuratorate is also independent of the People's Supreme Court and the Executive (State Council) and the Legislative (NPC Standing Committee).

[28] In Sweden, for example, the main task of the Parliamentary Ombudsman (JO) is to ensure that the government and civil servants comply with the regulations governing their actions.

[29] Compulsory Voting in Australia: Voting is the right as well as the obligation of the people. Mandatory There are more than 32 countries in the world where people are required to participate in most elections, as Austr5alia being one of them. From 1912 Australia introduced a national election compulsory vote, § 245.1 of Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 : "It shall be the duty of every elector to vote at each election." Except in cases of force majeure, up until today any failure to vote is a violation of the law.

[30] According to §83.2 of the Chinese Criminal Procedure Law , after the public security organ detains a person, it must notify the family within 24 hours. However, if it is suspected of endangering the crime of national security, it will be excluded from the notice. But the truth is that he who has a mind to beat, his dog will easily find a stick. If human rights, institutions, corruption, etc. can all be interpreted as subverting state power or undermining national unity, arresting a citizen of Taiwan or enforced disappearance will be no surprise at all.

[31] Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan) , §8.

[32] See Ninth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

[33] Hans Kelsen, General theory of Law and State , Cambridge. Massachusetts: Harvard University, 1945. Wherever the drafting and enactment of laws are dictated by authoritarian parties, elections and referendums are entirely meaningless. For an autocratic party, the only purpose of elections and referendums is to conceal the fact of dictatorship and maintain control over the people.

[34] See Taiwan's Constitutional Court ruled the J.Y. Interpretation No. 499

[35] General restrictions on freedom: 1. Do not interfere with the rights and freedoms of others. 2. Do not harm the ecological balance or use improperly. 3. Do not hinder social justice. 4. Do not interfere with free and democratic constitutional order.

[36] See Taiwan Civil Code , § 17: No one shall be permitted to waive his liberty.

[37] See The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa , § 16.

[38] See Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , § 8 [Freedom of assembly] (1)All Germans shall have the right to assemble peacefully and unarmed without prior notification or permission.(2)In the case of outdoor assemblies, this right may be restricted by or pursuant to a law.

[39] See Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , § 18 [Forfeiture of basic rights]. This forfeiture and its extent shall be declared by the Federal Constitutional Court.

[40] One of the conditions of genius is that there is no restriction on free thinking. A genius in the family cannot develop his/her talent living in a place without freedom, for the freedom of thought is restricted.