Attachment XVI. Comparison of countries’ norms for constitutional guarantors with those of the Constitutional Standards

(Absolute conditions for Permanent Peace- "The law is not enough to be self-sufficient": Constitutional Standard §24. The president, civil society, the military, the public and the clergy are all guarantors of the constitution. This ensures that the constitution is a development tool for the people/organizations (for-profit/non-profit). The president, generals and judges are elected and must remain neutral with no right to vote.)

Nation

Score

Reason

CSPP

Score

China

0

China Constitution §1: One Party dictatorship rule and implementation of constitution : (The Constitution should restrain the military and public propaganda and education and guarantee the people’s welfare

CSPP §24

Full marks

India

100

India Constitution 200 Specify legislative, administrative and judicial officials to swear allegiance to the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

United States

100

US Constitution §2, §6 All officials swear to support the constitution.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Indonesia

100

Indonesia Constitution §9 The President and Vice President should be sworn to guarantee the constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Pakistan

100

Pakistan Constitution §42 President, §91.5 vice president§92.-§53.-§61-§65-§102-§130. Wait for all public officials to be clearly stipulated.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Brazil

100

Brazil Transitional Constitution Act of 1988 §1: Presidential Oath to Observe the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Nigeria

100

Nigeria Constitution §52: §89: §149: §151: §152 All administrative and judicial officials shall swear to uphold this Constitution.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Bangladesh

100

Bangladesh Constitution §148. All officials are sworn in: I will uphold, protect and defend the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Russia

0

Russia Constitution §82: In the exercise of the powers of the President of the Russian Federation... Selective observance

CSPP §24

Full marks

Mexico

100

Mexico Constitution §87 § 97 § 108 The President, the People's Congress, the Judges, the Civil Servants and the government swear to abide by and uphold the laws of the Political Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Japan

100

Japan Constitution §99: The emperor, ministers, parliamentarians and civil servants all have constitutional obligations

CSPP §24

Full marks

Philippines

100

Philippines Constitution §5: The duty of the President (or Vice President or Acting President) of the Philippines to preserve and defend the Constitution of the Philippines.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Egypt

100

Egypt Constitution §104-§ 144-§ 165: President/Prime Minister upholds the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Ethiopia

100

Ethiopia Constitution §70.5: 5. The President shall take the oath of office at the Conference and shall declare his loyalty to (the Constitution) and to the Ethiopian people.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Vietnam

100

Vietnam Constitution §70 The President, Speaker, government must be loyal to the people and the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

DRCongo

100

DRCongo Constitution Section 45 Public Power is responsible for ensuring Constitutional Section 69: The President of the Republic respects the Constitution and ensures the guarantor of public power. (Note: The President should abide by the Constitution, not respect it without legal responsibility)

CSPP §24

Full marks

Iran

0

Iran Constitution §4: All laws must be based on Islamic standards. (Islamic standards are higher than the Constitutional Standards)

CSPP §24

Full marks

Germany

100

Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany §56 The President of the Federation upholds the Basic Law and federal laws

CSPP §24

Full marks

Republic of Turkey

100

Turkey Constitution §81: Turkish parliamentarians swear to be loyal to the Constitution. §103: Oath of the President of the Republic: Abide by the Constitution, rule of law and democracy.

CSPP §24

Full marks

France

100

France Constitution §5.1: The President oversees compliance with the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Republic of Korea

100

South Korea Constitution §66.2 The President has the responsibility and obligation to safeguard the independence of the state and the Constitution

CSPP §24

Full marks

Australia

100

Australia Constitution §61 The Governor may act as a representative of the Queen and oversee enforcement and maintenance of this Constitution and Commonwealth laws.

CSPP §24

Full marks

Taiwan

30

Taiwan Constitution §48 The president shall, on taking office, swear: "... The rest shall abide by the Constitution."

CSPP §24

Full marks

Conclusion: Declaration of Independence—All human beings are created equal and with inalienable rights, including the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. In order to protect these rights, human beings established a government among them, and the legitimate power of the government is produced by the consent of the governed. When government officials cannot protect human rights with the Constitution, people have the right to change or abolish it.