Attachment II. Comparisons of UN peace-related declarations, conventions, and resolutions with the Constitutional Standards: "Call on the powers of war to be united, discard prejudices, break the boundaries, and establish permanent peace

1. Comparison of "UN Charter" with the "Constitutional Standards"

Main article

CSPP

Article 1.1. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

§13

Article 1.2 To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

§7

Article 1.3 To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion;

§12

2. Comparison of the UN’s "Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Constitution" with the Constitutional Standards

Main article

CSPP

That since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defense of peace must be constructed;

§13

Article I.1. The purpose of the Organization is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.

§1~§28

Article I.2. Collaborate in the work of advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples, through all means of mass communication

§2

3. Comparison of the resolutions of the United Nations "Appeal to the great powers to renew their efforts to compose their differences and establish a lasting peace" with the Constitutional Standards

Main article

CSPP

Only with continuing and growing co-operation and understanding among our three countries, and among all the peace-loving nations, can the highest aspiration of humanity be realized—a secure and lasting peace

§1~§28

4. Comparison of the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is regulated by the United Nations for peace, with the Constitutional Standards

The Universal Declaration of Human Right

CSPP

Art. 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

§10

Art. 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

§10

Art. 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

§9

Art. 4: No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

§11

Art. 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

§11

Art. 6: Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

§11

Art. 7: All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

§10

Art. 8: Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

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Art. 9: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

§28

Art. 10: Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

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Art. 11: No one shall be held guilty of any penal offense on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offense, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

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Art. 12: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

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Art. 13: Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state and to return to his country.

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Art. 14: Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

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Art. 15: Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

§11

5. Comparison of other UN peace-related declarations with the Constitutional Standards

Year

Title

CSPP

2016

Declaration on the Right to Peace

§1~§28

2015

Declaration on the occasion of the seventieth anniversary of the United Nations

§1~§28

2011

The future we want

§1~§28

2000

We the Peoples Millennium Forum Declaration and Agenda for Action: Strengthening the United Nations for the twenty-first century

§1~§28

2000

Millennium declaration

§1~§28

1999

Declaration and Program of Action on a Culture of Peace

§1~§28

1998

Declaration on the Occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary of United Nations Peacekeeping

§1~§28

1996

United Nations Declaration on Crime and Public Security

§1~§28

1996

Rome Declaration on World Food Security

§1~§28

1995

Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the end of the Second World War

§1~§28

1995

Declaration on the Occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the United Nations

§1~§28

1995

Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes

§1~§28

1994

Declaration on the Enhancement of Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional Arrangements or Agencies in the Maintenance of International Peace and Security

§1~§28

1993

Letter dated 23 November 1993 from the Permanent Representatives of Argentina, Belgium, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, Hungary, the Russian Federation, Senegal, Sweden and Thailand to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

§1~§28

1991

Model Agreement between the United Nations and Member States Contributing Personnel and Equipment to United Nations Peace-keeping Operations: Report of the Secretary-General

§1~§28

1991

Declaration on Fact-finding by the United Nations in the Field of the Maintenance of International Peace and Security

§1~§28

1990

Model status-of-forces agreement for peace-keeping operations

§1~§28

1988

Declaration on the Prevention and Removal of Disputes and Situations Which May Threaten International Peace and Security and on the Role of the United Nations in This Field

§1~§28

1987

Declaration on the Enhancement of the Effectiveness of the Principle of Refraining from the Threat or Use of Force in International Relations

§1~§28

1984

Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace

§1~§28

1982

Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes

§1~§28

1981

Declaration on the Prevention of Nuclear Catastrophe

§1~§28

1978

Declaration on the Preparation of Societies for Life in Peace

§1~§28

1977

Declaration on the Deepening and Consolidation of International Detente

§1~§28

1975

Declaration on the Use of Scientific and Technological Progress in the Interests of Peace and for the Benefit of Mankind

§1~§28

1974

Definition of Aggression

§1~§28

1974

Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order

§1~§28

1971

Declaration of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace

§1~§28

1970

Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations

§1~§28

1970

Declaration on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the United Nations

§1~§28

1970

Declaration on the strengthening of international security

§1~§28

1965

Declaration on the Promotion Among youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples

§1~§28

1962

Declaration on the conversion to peaceful needs of the resources released by disarmament

§1~§28