【附件表31:世界主要委員制國家運行缺點一覽表】Appendix Table 31: Operational Disadvantages of Major Committee Systems

委員制政府和永久和平憲章(本憲)制度互比式研究 Mutual ratio study of Major Committee Systems and Permanent Peace Charter (This Constitution)

1.責任不明確,事權不專,功則相爭,過則相諉。/本憲無此缺點§5.3

1. Responsibilities are not clearly delineated, powers in certain matters are not specific, and the advantages are inconsistent./ No such disadvantages exist. §5.3

2.委員間地位相同,權責相若,易形成彼此的傾軋與排擠。/本憲無此缺點§5.3

2. Status of various members is the same, the powers and responsibilities are similar, and it is easy for mutual support and exclusion to develop./ No such disadvantages exist. §5.3

3.力量不集中,行動遲緩致效率減低,貽誤事機。/本憲無此缺點§5.3.3,§5.8

3. Insufficient strength, slow action, reduced efficiency and delays./ No such disadvantages exist. §5.33, §5.8

4.討論研究,多人參加難以保守機密。/本憲無此缺點§5.2.10

4. In discussions and research, it is difficult for many people to maintain confidentiality./ No such disadvantages exist. §5.2.10

(來源: 黃尚,<<行政學>>,志光出版;蕭富元,<<直接民主 為了共識,可以慢>> ,天下雜誌。)

(Source: Huang Shang, “Administration”, Chihkuang Publishing; Hsiao Fu-yuan, “In Direct Democracy, Consensus Can Be Slow”, The World Magazine.)

瑞士和本憲章制度對比式研究

1.國會議員任期四年,且連任次數無限制,可能造成濫權現象。/本憲無此缺點§5.3.2

(來源:維基百科)

聖馬利諾和本憲章制度對比式研究

1.領導大議會的執政官(國會議長)任期較短(六個月),加上執政官代表政府首長,頻繁替換恐造成政局不穩。/本憲無此缺點§6.4, §5.7.6

(來源:維基百科)

製表:永久和平發展協會。網址 https://www.lawlove.org/tw/。